Guangdong Longan Shines the Summer
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  时间:2024-07-15 13:27:07
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Guangdong Longan Shines the Summer_南方+_南方plus

吃荔枝的季节刚刚过去,龙眼成为了广东水果摊的主角。龙眼是南国四大果品之一,自古被视为珍品。

Litchi has just been out of season while longan is in season and become the protagonist of Guangdong’s fruit stand. Longan is one of the four major fruits of South China(banana, pineapple, longan, litchi). It has been regarded preciously since ancient times.

受访者供图

广东龙眼果肉白润细嫩,晶莹饱满,它不但味道可口,而且还是滋补佳品。

The flesh of Guangdong longan is white and tender, crystal full. It’s not only with delicious taste but also a good tonic.

广东是中国龙眼原产地之一,种植面积约170万亩,位居全国第一。每年七八月份是广东龙眼的上市旺季。茂名是广东最大的龙眼生产基地,种植历史悠久,最早可追溯到2000年前。目前,茂名全市龙眼种植面积近80万亩。

Guangdong is one of the places of origin of longan in China, with a planting area of about 1.7 million mu, ranking first in China. July and August are the peak seasons for longan in Guangdong.Maoming is the largest longan production base in Guangdong, with a long history of planting which can date back as far as 2,000 years ago. At present, the longan planting area is nearly 800,000 mu in Maoming.

受访者供图

茂名高州是储良龙眼的源产地。七十多年前,高州储良村人莫耀坤采回两棵野生龙眼树苗,其中一棵得以存活,其所产的龙眼品质优异,口感极好,这是最初的储良龙眼。如今,储良龙眼成为全国乃至全球龙眼种植面积最大的品种。

Gaozhou, Maoming is the source of Chuliang longan. More than seventy years ago, a villager Mo Yaokun of Gaozho brought back two wild longan saplings, one of which survived. Its fruits were of excellent quality and taste. These were the original Chuliang longan. Nowadays, Chuliang longan has become the largest variety of longan planted in the country and even in the world.

石硖龙眼是另一栽培历史悠久的优质龙眼品种。“石硖”的意思是“夹在石头中”。最早的龙眼树长在大石缝中,能够吸收地下的物质,结出来的果实肉厚核小、味甜清香、肉脆爽口,特别好吃。

Shixia longan is another high-quality variety with a long history of cultivation. The word “shixia” means sandwiched between stones. The earliest longan trees grew in the cracks of large stones and were able to absorb underground substances, resulting in fruits with thick flesh and small nuclei, sweet and crisp flavour, which are particularly tasty.

受访者供图

中国人称晒干去壳的龙眼为“桂圆”。桂圆可以滋补元气、补益心脾、养血安神。高州的龙眼加工工艺传承数百年,先后生产出桂圆肉、龙眼干、桂圆茶等产品。如今,龙眼加工品愈来愈多,龙眼酥、龙眼肠粉等风味独特。

The Chinese call the dried and shelled longan guiyuan. According to Chinese traditional medicine, guiyuan can nourish vital energy, tonify the heart and spleen, nourish the blood and calm the mind.Longan processing technology in Gaozhou has been inherited for hundreds of years. There are more and more processed products of longan, such as guiyuan, dried longan, guiyuan tea, longan pastry and longan intestinal noodles etc.

近年来,广东龙眼畅销全国,走向世界。未来,广东龙眼将呈现出更多样化的产品形态,为消费者们带来一场甜蜜盛宴。

Guangdong longan has sold well in the whole country and gone to the world. In the future, Guangdong longan will present more diversified product forms, bringing a sweet feast to consumers.

【记者】实习生张伊钿

【来源】南方农村报

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